The word “Ainab” may mean “Greenery Spring“ in Syriac language. Its families are: Shaar, Zaidan, Younis, Halawi, Halabi, Abdullah, Abi Shaheen, Al Zarqa, Qashouh, Khoury, Massad, Nawfal, Shaker, and Yazbeck. The first municipal council in Ainab was formed in 1910.

Ainab town is 28 kilometers away from Beirut, the capital of Lebanon, rising 750 meters above sea level and extending over an area of 335 hectares. The total number of permanent residents is about 2,000 people, most of them are young people and the number of voters is 900. The number of the town’s residents increases around 3000 in summer. There is also a large percentage of expatriates where they form around 30% of its population, most of them are in the Gulf States and Latin America.

Of the most prominent non-residential buildings in the town are the St. Elias Maronite Church, the Two Sacred Hearts Nunnery, the municipal building, public elementary school building and the town hall in addition to the three sports clubs.

The green cover constitutes a large proportion of the town, where the percentage of built space is low and does not exceed 40% of the total area of ​​the town. This may be due to the migration of the population. The predominant form of buildings is the rural form. The economic activity is mainly trading of all kinds in addition to a number of workers in liberal professions like engineers, doctors and lawyers, while the agricultural sector is limited and restricted to individual activities. The major cultivated species are pine, olive and fig but there are no agricultural institutions. The problems of this sector lie in irrigation since there is not enough water to irrigate crops. And the industrial sector depends on small businesses. As for the tourism sector, it depends on the summer vacationing and house rentals, and there are Alpine Hotel and Rawabina Restaurant, which are among the most well-known restaurants in the area.

In terms of healthcare, Dr. Mustafa Ghandour donated a permanent equipped clinic to treat people of the town and the neighborhood for free. It is located in the basement of the municipal building, offering free examinations by otolaryngologist, Dr. Pierre Nawfal since July 24, 1999, every Saturday of each week. There is one pharmacy and two clinics in the town. The nearest hospital is Al Shahhar Al Gharbi Governmental Hospital, which is about one kilometer away from the town.